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Hamersly Library

APA Style Guide: Direct Quote

Direct Quote

Quoted material should be reproduced word-for-word. Always include the author's last name, year of publication, and page number(s). Use 'p.' for a single page number (Example: p. 15) and 'pp.' for multiple page numbers (Example: pp. 125-126). If citing an online source without page numbers, cite the paragraph number (Example: para. 4).   

 

Author Before Quotation With Page Numbers 

Author (Year) "Quote" (p. #).

Single Author: Schwartz (2013) noted, "The term 'cloud' comes from the traditional representation of the Internet in network diagrams" (p. 1626).

Two Authors: Fontana and Montalbano (2008) found that “the market for these low-cost machines is being driven by inexpensive bandwidth; the growth of services and cloud computing; and cloud-based processing, storage, management and associated IT services” (p. 12).

Three or more Authors: Lyoob, Rossetti, and Chen (2013) stated, "Every cloud solution provider has a different set of offerings and a different pricing model" (p. 35). 

 

Author Before Quotation Without Page Numbers

Author (Year) "Quote" (para. paragraph #).

Single Author: Griffith (2013) stated, "In the simplest terms, cloud computing means storing and accessing data and programs over the Internet instead of your computer's hard drive" (para. 2).

Two Authors: Rajan and McEvoy (2012) indicated that "cloud storage has a distinct advantage in that your files exist in a place and not on a device" (para. 8).

Three or more Authors: Denton, Lee, and Chavez (2013) highlighted, "cloud based computing requires one to be connected to the Internet" (para. 12).

 

Author After Quotation With Page Numbers 

When citing multiple authors after a quotation the ampersand symbol '&' is used instead of the word 'and'.

"Quote" (Author, Year, p. #)

Single Author: "The term 'cloud' comes from the traditional representation of the Internet in network diagrams" (Schwartz, 2013, p. 1626).

Two Authors: "The market for these low-cost machines is being driven by inexpensive bandwidth; the growth of services and cloud computing; and cloud-based processing, storage, management, and associated IT services” (Fontana & Montalbano, 2008, p. 12).

Three or More Authors: "Every cloud solution provider has a different set of offerings and a different pricing model" (lyoob, Rossetti, & Chen, 2013, p. 35).

**Note: In the above in-text citation, one of the authors’ last names is not capitalized. As a general rule, APA requires proper nouns to be capitalized. With author names, however, your goal is to write the name as the author him- or herself has presented it in scholarly work. Thus, if the name starts with a lowercase letter in the source you are citing, as is the case above with the name ‘lyoob,’ keep it lowercase. The exceptions to this are if the name 1) begins a sentence or 2) is the first word after a colon when what follows the colon is an independent clause.

 

Author After Quotation Without Page Numbers

When citing multiple authors after a quotation the ampersand symbol '&' is used instead of the word 'and'.

"Quote" (Author, Year, para. paragraph #).

Single Author: "In the simplest terms, cloud computing means storing and accessing data and programs over the Internet instead of your computer's hard drive" (Griffith, 2013, para. 2).

Two Authors: "Cloud storage has a distinct advantage in that your files exist in a place and not on a device" (Rajan & McEvoy, 2012, para. 8).

Three or more Authors: "Cloud based computing requires one to be connected to the Internet" (Denton, Lee, & Chavez, 2013, para. 12).