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Hamersly Library

Chicago Style Guide, for 16th Edition: Audiovisual Materials

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Audiovisual Materials

Introduction

         The structure of Bibliographic entries for audiovisual materials typically contains the same types of information but vary by medium. Materials which were found online should include URL and citations for physical materials should include supplementary information as necessary (i.e. number of discs in an album). Remember that each element is separated by a period (unless shown otherwise below):

 

Audiovisual materials cited in your bibliography will contain some or all of the following elements:

  1. Name of the performer, composer, or conductor (lastname, firstname middle).

  2. Title of recording, in italicized characters (if part of a larger work).

  3. Title of Work (in quotation marks).

  4. 'by’, if necessary (e.g. composed by, directed by)

  5. Name of the composer, writer, and other content creators, when necessary.

  6. Name of the publishing/recording company.

  7. Some of identification number (for some recordings).

  8. Recording/Copyright date or date of production.

  9. Medium of the audiovisual material being used (e.g. CD, DVD, radio broadcast, etc).

  10. Timestamp (if source happens at a specific point in the recording)

  11. URL or DOI (for online materials).

 

As with all other citations, the publication date of the reference will be placed directly after the title when using Author-Date style.

 


 

Sound Recordings

Basic Layout

(Footnote/Endnote)

Performer (lastname, firstname). Title of piece (in quotations if standalone, in italicized characters if part of larger work
         or production). By Creator(s) (firstname lastname). Publishing/recording company. ID# (if necessary).
         Recording/Copyright date. Title of larger work (if piece is part of a larger work or album), Medium. Timestamp.
         URL/DOI.

(Author-Date)

Performer (lastname, firstname). Recording/Copyright Year. Title of piece (in quotations if standalone, in italicized
         characters if part of larger work or production). By Creator(s) (firstname lastname). Publishing/recording company.
         ID# (if necessary). Recording/Copyright Month/Day. Title of larger work (if piece is part of a larger work or album),
         Medium. Timestamp. URL/DOI.

 
Examples

Holiday, Billie. Vocal performance of “I’m a Fool to Want You.” By Joel Herron, Frank Sinatra, and Jack Wolf. Recorded
         February 20, 1958, with Ray Ellis. On Lady in Satin, Columbia CL 1157, 331/3 rpm.

Holiday, Billie. 1958. Vocal performance of “I’m a Fool to Want You.” By Joel Herron, Frank Sinatra, and Jack Wolf.
         Recorded February 20, with Ray Ellis. On Lady in Satin, Columbia CL 1157, 331/3 rpm.

 

New York Ensemble, with Edward Carroll (trumpet) and Edward Brewer (organ).  Art of the Trumpet, recorded at the
         Madeira Festival, June 1-2, 1981. Vox/Turnabout, PVT 7183, 1982, compact disc.

New York Ensemble, with Edward Carroll (trumpet) and Edward Brewer (organ). 1981.  Art of the Trumpet, recorded
         at the Madeira Festival, June 1-2. Vox/Turnabout, PVT 7183, 1982, compact disc.

 

The Fireside Treasury of Folk Songs.. Vol. 1. Orchestra and chorus dir. Mitch Miller. 1958.
         Golden Record A198:17A-B, 331/3 rpm.

The Fireside Treasury of Folk Songs. 1958. Vol. 1. Orchestra and chorus dir. Mitch Miller.
         Golden Record A198:17A-B, 331/3 rpm.


Television

Basic Layout

(Footnote/Endnote)

Title of program (in italicized characters). “Title of Episode.” Episode number (if available). Name of important
         director/writers/narrators/performers. Air Date. Name of network.

 (Author-Date)

Title of program (in italicized characters). Air Date. “Title of Episode.” Episode number (if available). Name of
         important director/writers/narrators/performers. Name of network.


Examples


 Journey to Planet Earth. "Land of Plenty, Land of Want." Directed by Hal Weiner. Written by Hal Weiner.
         Narrated by Kelly McGillis. 1999. PBS.

Journey to Planet Earth. 1999. "Land of Plenty, Land of Want." Directed by Hal Weiner. Written by Hal Weiner.
         Narrated by Kelly McGillis. PBS.

 

Video/DVD/Multimedia

Basic Layout

Creators/Directors, if most important (lastname, firstname). Title of piece (in quotations if episode). Title of Series
         (in italicized characters). Created/Directed by (firstname lastname). Original production date.
         Publishing/recording company location: name. Copyright date. Timestamp. URL/DOI.

Creators/Directors, if most important (lastname, firstname). Title of piece (in quotations if episode). Original production
         date. Title of Series (in italicized characters). Created/Directed by (firstname lastname).
         Publishing/recording company location: name. Copyright date. Timestamp. URL/DOI.

 

Thelma & Louise. Directed by Ridley Scott. 1991. Santa Monica, CA: MGM Home Entertainment, 2004. DVD.

Thelma & Louise. 1991. Directed by Ridley Scott. Santa Monica, CA: MGM Home Entertainment, 2004. DVD.

 

Weed, A. E. At the Foot of the Flatiorn. (American Mutoscope and Biograph Co., 1903). 35 mm film.
         From Library of Congress. The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898-1906. MPEG video, 2:19,
         http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/papr/nychome.html.

Weed, A. E. 1903. At the Foot of the Flatiorn. (American Mutoscope and Biograph Co.). 35 mm film.
         From Library of Congress. The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898-1906. MPEG video, 2:19,
         http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/papr/nychome.html.

 

         This last example appears to be very complicated. In reality though, the author chose to cite the piece in its original format, and then cited the larger, digital collection the piece is a part of. This is why both titles appear in italicized characters. At the Foot of the Flatiron is a standalone film, but because the author accessed a digitized version of it via the Library of Congress’ The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898-1906 collection, the author chose to include that information as well.