Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Library Logo WOU Home Library Home

APA Style Guide: Direct Quote

Direct Quote

Quoted material should be reproduced word-for-word. Always include the author's last name, year of publication, and page number(s). Use 'p.' for a single page number (Example: p. 15) and 'pp.' for multiple page numbers (Example: pp. 125-126). If citing an online source without page numbers, cite the paragraph number (Example: para. 4).   

 

Author Before Quotation With Page Numbers 

Author (Year) "Quote" (p. #).

Single Author: Schwartz (2013) noted, "The term 'cloud' comes from the traditional representation of the Internet in network diagrams" (p. 1626).

Two Authors: Fontana and Montalbano (2008) found that “the market for these low-cost machines is being driven by inexpensive bandwidth; the growth of services and cloud computing; and cloud-based processing, storage, management and associated IT services” (p. 12).

Three or more Authors: Lyoob, Rossetti, and Chen (2013) stated, "Every cloud solution provider has a different set of offerings and a different pricing model" (p. 35). 

 

Author Before Quotation Without Page Numbers

Author (Year) "Quote" (para. paragraph #).

Single Author: Griffith (2013) stated, "In the simplest terms, cloud computing means storing and accessing data and programs over the Internet instead of your computer's hard drive" (para. 2).

Two Authors: Rajan and McEvoy (2012) indicated that "cloud storage has a distinct advantage in that your files exist in a place and not on a device" (para. 8).

Three or more Authors: Denton, Lee, and Chavez (2013) highlighted, "cloud based computing requires one to be connected to the Internet" (para. 12).

 

Author After Quotation With Page Numbers 

When citing multiple authors after a quotation the ampersand symbol '&' is used instead of the word 'and'.

"Quote" (Author, Year, p. #)

Single Author: "The term 'cloud' comes from the traditional representation of the Internet in network diagrams" (Schwartz, 2013, p. 1626).

Two Authors: "The market for these low-cost machines is being driven by inexpensive bandwidth; the growth of services and cloud computing; and cloud-based processing, storage, management, and associated IT services” (Fontana & Montalbano, 2008, p. 12).

Three or More Authors: "Every cloud solution provider has a different set of offerings and a different pricing model" (lyoob, Rossetti, & Chen, 2013, p. 35).

**Note: In the above in-text citation, one of the authors’ last names is not capitalized. As a general rule, APA requires proper nouns to be capitalized. With author names, however, your goal is to write the name as the author him- or herself has presented it in scholarly work. Thus, if the name starts with a lowercase letter in the source you are citing, as is the case above with the name ‘lyoob,’ keep it lowercase. The exceptions to this are if the name 1) begins a sentence or 2) is the first word after a colon when what follows the colon is an independent clause.

 

Author After Quotation Without Page Numbers

When citing multiple authors after a quotation the ampersand symbol '&' is used instead of the word 'and'.

"Quote" (Author, Year, para. paragraph #).

Single Author: "In the simplest terms, cloud computing means storing and accessing data and programs over the Internet instead of your computer's hard drive" (Griffith, 2013, para. 2).

Two Authors: "Cloud storage has a distinct advantage in that your files exist in a place and not on a device" (Rajan & McEvoy, 2012, para. 8).

Three or more Authors: "Cloud based computing requires one to be connected to the Internet" (Denton, Lee, & Chavez, 2013, para. 12).