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The creator of a work and the automatic owner of its copyright, unless there is a written release or assignment of the copyright to another person or entity, such as a publisher. When works are created for hire, the employer or commissioning party is considered to be the author.
The lawful rights of authors and artists to control the reproduction and to authorize use of their creative expressions. The expressions must be fixed in some tangible medium to be protected. However, publication is not required for protection, nor is official registration or a statement of copyright.
A work based upon one or more preexisting works and involving recasting, transformation, or adaptation.
The legal control that only the copyright holder has to 1) reproduce the work, 2) prepare derivative works, 3) distribute copies of the work to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending, 4) perform or display the work publicly, or 5) authorize others for these activities.
The allowance for a person, under certain conditions, to make limited use of copyrighted material without permission or payment. Fair use is an exception to the exclusive rights held by the copyright holder--it is a user's right.
The unauthorized reproduction, first-sale or distribution of the work's copies, performance or public display, or derivation of a copyrighted work--the activities that are exclusively the copyright holders to exercise.
A publication model wherein material is digital, online, and free of price and permission barriers. The intent is to maximize the public's access to scholarly literature.
The status of a creative work which is no longer (or never was) under copyright protection. A work is "in the public domain" when the copyright expires or when the author expressly registers it as a public domain work. A person may freely use, reproduce, and distribute a public domain work.
Rights holder (or Copyright holder)
The person or publisher who has the exclusive rights for a protected work.
TEACH Act (The Technology, Education and Copyright Harmonization Act)
Redefines the terms and conditions on which accredited, nonprofit educational institutions throughout the U.S. may use copyright protected materials in distance education - including on websites and by other digital means - without permission from the copyright owner and without payment of royalties. Because WOU does not meet the requirements of the TEACH Act, it can't be used to justify use of copyrighted protected materials. Use the Fair Use standard instead.