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CSE Style Guide, for 7th Edition

Audiovisual Materials


 Audiovisual materials include things such as videocassettes, audio cassettes, CDs, DVDs, motion pictures, photographs, and slides.

Audiovisual materials cited using N-Y will contain some or all of the following elements:

  1. Name of the authors (last name first/middle initials).

  2. Date of creation/copyright, preceded by 'c'.

  3. Title of material [type of medium].

  4. Edition

  5. Publication city(initials of state), followed by a colon.

  6. Name of publisher.

  7. Physical description of materials and any important notes (e.g. 4 CDs, 3 videocassettes, 180 min.)

Basic Layout

Authors (lastname first/middle initials). cDate. Title of materials [medium designator]. Edition (if available).  Place of publication: publisher. Physical description. Notes.


Johnson D, editor. c2002. Surgical techniques in orthopaedics: anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction [videodisc]. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; 1 videodisc: sound, color, 12 in.

Perls TT. 1998. Stealing time: the new science of aging [videocassette]. Alexandria (VA): PBS Home Video; 3 videocassettes:180 min., sound, color with black & white sequences, 1/2 in.