Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Library Logo WOU Home Library Home

Chicago Style Guide, for 17th Edition

Footnotes/Endnotes

Introduction

The first Chicago style consists of one note style, either foot- or end-notes, and a bibliography

Make sure to also take a look at the rules for Shortened Citations and Ibid as they will help you decrease the amount of time spent writing footnote/endnote citations.

Basic Structure

  • In Chicago style, footnotes or endnotes are used to reference pieces of work in the text.
  • To cite from a source a superscript number is placed after a quote or a paraphrase.
  • Citation numbers should appear in sequential order.
  • If using endnotes, numbered notes will appear on a separate, endnotes page at the end of your document and before the bibliography page. The page should be titled Notes (centered at top).
  • Footnotes must appear at the bottom of the page that they are referred to.  

Example

Political advisors were confident in their point-lead1.

Foot/Endnote

          1. Newton Minow and Craig LaMay, Inside the Presidential Debates: Their Improbable Past and Promising Future, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), 24-25.


Footnotes/Endnotes are paired together with a bibliography at the end of the research publication. Make sure to consult the Bibliography section of this guide for assistance making your reference area.