Published or broadcast interviews which are used as sources should be treated the same as a magazine, journal or book, and be cited as such. As always, materials which were accessed online should include a URL, and if the interview was accessed using a form of audiovisual material, an indication of the medium should be included as well.
Citations for unpublished and personal interviews should contain some or all of the following elements
[tabbed indent]1. Interviewee Firstname Lastname (identifying information), [contact method] interviewer firstname lastname, interview date, location where transcript or recording may be found.
1. Andrew Macmillan (principal adviser, Investment Center Division, FAO), in discussion with the author, September 1998.
2. Obama, Michelle. “Oprah Talks to Michelle Obama.” Interview by Oprah Winfrey. O, The Oprah Magazine,
April 1, 2009.
3. Interview with health care worker, March 23, 2010.
Notation citations of personal communications should always omit any personal data (email address, cell phone number, etc). Personal communications are typically also left out of the bibliography.
4. Constance Conlon, e-mail message to author, April 17, 2000.