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APA Style Guide 7th Edition

General Guidelines for Music/Audio 

Writer Last name, First Initials. (Year). Title [Description]. Publisher. 


Music Album 

They Might Be Giants. (2009). Here comes science [Album]. Walt Disney Records. 

Single Song or Track 

They Might Be Giants. (2009). Speed and velocity [Song]. On Here comes science. Walt Disney Records.


Kamenetz, A. (Host). (2019–present). Life kit [Audio podcast]. NPR.

Podcast Episode 

Kamenetz, A. (Host). (2019, June 26). The darker side of screen time (No. 29) [Audio podcast episode]. In Life kit. NPR.

 Notes About Author, Date, Title, and Source 


  • List each author alphabetically by the authors last name and first name initial(s) 
  • For music albums and songs, use the recording artist or group as the author.
  • For classical works, list the composer. For example: Mozart, W.A. 
  • For podcasts and podcasts episodes, list the host followed by (Host) in parentheses. 


  • Enclose the date of publication in parentheses followed by a period. For example: (2020).
  • If the publication date is unknown or cannot be determined, list the date as n.d. (which stands for no date). For example: (n.d.). 
  • For classical works, include the original publication date in parentheses and the end of the citation after the publisher. For example (Original work published 1775). 


  • The first word of the title and subtitle is capitalized as are proper nouns but all other words are lowercase.  
  • For albums and podcasts, italicize the title. 
  • For songs, keep the song title in regular font while italicizing the album title. 
  • For Podcasts in brackets after the Podcast title, include if it was an audio or video podcast. For example: [Audio podcast]. 
  • If a title ends with a question mark or exclamation point, use those punctuation marks instead of a period at the end. 


  • Include the name of the production company(s) with all major words capitalized. 


  • For online albums, songs, and podcasts accessible to the public without a subscription to a service, include the web address.