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APA Style Guide 7th Edition


Author Last name, First Initials. (Year). Title [Description]. Museum/Publisher. 


Artwork in a Museum or on a Museum Website  

Davies, A. B. (1908). A measure of dreams [Painting]. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, New York, United States.

Homer, W. (1871). The country school [Painting]. Saint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, Missouri.

Clip Art or Stock Image  

Woofer. (2014). Teacher (color) [Clip art]. Openclipart.


de Almieda Rodrigues, A. C. (2016). New screen time guidelines for children [Infographic]. Baptist Health South Florida.


Park, K. & Hurt, A. (2016). Spending per student, by school district [Map]. National Public Radio; Oregon Public Radio.


Cooper, M. (1973). [Martin Cooper, inventor of the cellular phone, placing a cell phone call in 1973] [Photograph]. CNN.


PowerPoint Slide or Lecture Notes  

Chniti, E. (2016, March 21). Education in the USA [PowerPoint slides]. SlideShare. https://www.slideshare



  • Use the creator of the work as the author. 
  • List each author alphabetically by the authors last name and first name initial(s) 
  • Include the first 20 authors. If you have more then 20 authors include the first 19 and then et al. for the remaining authors. 
  • Separate the authors by commas and the ampersand "&" sign. 
  • If citing a group author, use the entire group name 
  • If a source has no author or group author, move the title to the author position and alphabetize it accordingly in the reference list


  • Enclose the date of publication in parentheses followed by a period. For example: (2020).
  • If the date of publication includes the month and/or day then put the year first, followed by the month first and/or day separated by a comma. For Example: (2020, July 18). 
  • If the publication date is unknown or cannot be determined, list the date as n.d. (which stands for no date). For example: (n.d.). 


  • Italicize the title.
  • The first word of the title and subtitle is capitalized as are proper nouns but all other words are lowercase.  
  • If a title ends with a question mark or exclamation point, use those punctuation marks instead of a period at the end.
  • In brackets after the title, list the medium. For example: [photograph] 


  • Include the name of the museum or publisher with all major words capitalized. 
  • For museums, include the city, state, and country they are located in.  


  • For online visuals accessible to the public without a subscription to a service, include the web address.